CORE QUESTION: What are the conditions under which children
are forced to work?
OVERVIEW: Throughout the world, 250 million children
are working to earn money for their families; 125 million
work full time. The conditions under which they
labor are often brutal and because they work, they are
denied an education to improve their condition, they are
denied the protection of the law, and are denied the opportunity
to be a child.
TIME REQUIRED: One 40-minute classroom period with
some carryover into another 40-minute period.
SUGGESTED GRADE LEVELS: Grades 6-9.
INTERDISCIPLINARY CONNECTIONS: Social Studies, Visual
NEW JERSEY CORE CONTENT STANDARDS
6.1: 10-13; 6.2: 9-11; 6.3: 9,12,14; 6.4: 9-13; 6.5 13-5;
6.6 13-15; 6.7: 11-12; 6.8: 12-17.
- Students will describe the conditions that children work under through the world
- Students will contrast differences in regions through interpretation
of photographic evidence
- Students will evaluate the harshness of life and relate to their
own circumstances in a written essay form.
I) IF A COMPUTER LAB IS AVAILABLE:
Have the students access the Internet and go to http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/childlabor/
and have them click the STOLEN DREAMS
label. Allow them to read the introduction before
entering the gallery of photographs. There are 21
photographs with captions. A navigation menu is
located on the left side. The teacher could narrate
or allow the students to view the pictures on their own
at their own pace. After completely viewing all
photos, teacher will then ask for the students to offer
their opinions of what they saw and guide the discussion
towards how children in the United States view work.
If there are any recent immigrants to the US from "developing"
nations, ask them to contribute their experiences from
their former home countries. This would begin the
process of eliminating stereotypes, break down inherent
xenophobia, and allow for more open discussion.
After the students have exchanged ideas in an honest discussion,
have the students bring up a word processing program.
Instruct them to select one of the pictures which shows
a child engaged in labor and write a journal entry as
that child. The journal entries should note which photograph
(by number and brief description) the student is using
as his/her model. The journal entries should contain
separate paragraphs on the conditions of the child's labor
(physical, mental, financial) and on their outlook towards
life and growing up. Print before time has expired
for your class.
II) IF A COMPUTER LAB IS NOT AVAILABLE--but you can display
the pictures on the TV....
Display the pictures, discuss, then go back and select several
examples for the students to use, then allow the students
to write their journal entries, collect when finished.
As a follow-up: After the essays are returned, the teacher
could read several good examples aloud, asking the students
why they selected them and why they chose to respond in
the way that they did.
III) IF NEITHER OF THE SCENARIOS ABOVE WORK FOR YOU...
Please e-mail the copyright holder at firstname.lastname@example.org and explain that you wish
to use several of the photos in handout for your class.
If permission is granted, prepare handouts, with proper
citation, by cutting and pasting the photos and captions
to worksheets. This photo essay is from a project
sponsored by Harvard University's School of Public Health.
Access to a computer with the ability to demonstrate the images
on the computer onto a larger TV screen is needed.
Access to a computer lab for your entire class is a better
way to proceed.
REFERENCES: STOLEN DREAMS, a photo essay by Dr. David
Parker, available at http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/childlabor/.
Suggest that you try searching images on Altavista.com
click IMAGES--then type in Child Labor as the topic) for
more examples. The use of those pictures found on such
a search is governed by the copyright holder and may not
be available freely.
ASSESSMENT: Quality class participation in the discussions
should be noted in whatever manner is consistent with
your grading rules. Essays should be graded on their
detail, authenticity, and the ability to comprehend and
synthesize visual information into an expanded writing.