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Civil War in Nigeria

The Impact of Civil War and Conflict on Identity

Themes & Core Questions:

  1. How do people define citizenship or nationality in the times of government crisis?  To what degree does political instability affect the common person?
  2. What are the economic impacts (both positive and negative) of domestic conflict or civil war on the average citizen?  What are some of the survival strategies used to deal with these impacts?
  3. How do the five themes of geography (location, place, human & environmental interaction, movement, and region formation) shape the decisions made by citizens during conflict or civil war?
  4. How do conflicts or civil wars affect religious institutions and the religious beliefs of the average man or woman?
  5. What is the history of power sharing between ethnic groups or social classes in the country affected by conflict or civil war?  How do values and attitudes toward ethnicity, social class, and nationality change during civil war?  What factors have an effect on these changes?


The lessons on Nigeria include a speech given by a tin miner, Weke Okujagu from Jos, who has been assigned to recruit workers away from oil rich land controlled by Shell and Chevron after the government execution of Ken Saro-Wiwa, a respected political activist, in 1995.

Time Required: 2 class periods or 90 minutes.

Suggested Grade Levels: Grades 8 – 12

Interdisciplinary Applications: Social Studies and Literature

NJ Core Content Standards: 6.2, 6.3, 6.4, 6.5, 6.7, 6.8

Instructional Objectives:

  1. Explain how civil war impacts the common person.
  2. Analyze the effects of conflict on identity using PEERS.
  3. Synthesize the understanding of the impact of civil war or conflict on the common person by developing empathy for the various decisions they have to make.


Lesson 1:

  1. Assign reading for preparatory homework.
  2. Begin lesson by explaining activities.
  3. Students will view Power Point presentation on Nigerian Conflict.
    Teacher should read “Recruitment Speech” aloud to class.
    Discussion based on Power Point presentation.
  4. Assign vocabulary for homework.

Lesson 2:

  1. Review Vocabulary
  2. Students should complete critical thinking questions as class, with class discussion.




Vocabulary worksheet
Critical thinking worksheet

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