Themes & Core Questions:
How have people defined citizenship or nationality in history? What are the
cultural, religious and economic foundations of national
- How do the five themes of geography
(location, place, human & environmental interaction,
movement, and region formation) shape national and
- How do opposing interests affect
religious institutions and the religious beliefs of
the average man or woman?
- What is the history of power sharing
between ethnic groups or social classes in the country
affected by conflict or civil war? How are values and
attitudes toward ethnicity, social class, and nationality
formed historically? What factors have an effect on
Overview: This lesson is an historical simulation of the conflicting interests of Serbs
and Muslims taking place in the 19th Century.
Time Required: 1 class period or 45 minutes.
Suggested Grade Levels: Grades 8 –12
Interdisciplinary Applications: Social Studies
NJ Core Content Standards: 6.3, 6.4, 6.5, 6.6, 6.8
- Explain how various cultural and economic interests impact the
- Analyze the effects of conflict on identity using PEERS.
- Synthesize the understanding of
the impact of civil war or conflict on the common person
by developing empathy for the various decisions they
have to make.
- Put students in groups. A role is assigned to each student
in the group and the appropriate role card is given
to each student.
- Each role creates a statement to be directed towards one
of the other roles in the activity.
- Each role then must construct a reply to the initial statement
by giving specific rationale for their decisions.
- Finally, the Sultan will determine an appropriate course of action
in light of the concerns presented.
- Then, each group will make a statement of their intended reaction
to the Sultan’s decision.
- As a class,
discuss and debrief the simulation, relating historical
causes to present conflict.
Materials: Simulation Outline and Role Cards
Assessment: Position statement and reply of each role.