The following simulation is an example of how to address the theme of this
module. Other case studies on cities like Cairo and Calcutta
could be used with the appropriate country and organization changes.
- What constitutes migration?
- Why do people move?
- Where do people move?
- What is the environmental impact of large numbers of people moving into an urban area?
- How do local authorities respond or not respond to the needs of new urban dwellers?
- Define Migration - both internal and external; voluntary and involuntary
- Identify large streams of voluntary and involuntary migration throughout history
- Explain the catalysts of migration and distinguish between push-pull factors
- Distinguish between migrants and refugees and identify the causes of refugee movements
- Explain urbanization patterns of the last 50 years in both developing and industrialized nations
- Analyze the impact of rapid urbanization on the environment and the availability of services including housing, sanitation,
jobs and education
- Explain the impact of rapid population growth on migration, refugee problems and environmental degradation
- Recognize environmental degradation resulting from the demands of a rapidly increasing population
- Understand the breakdown of social and political institutions as a result of the government's inability to meet the needs of the
- Use research skills to obtain information about specific nations in the Western Hemisphere
- Utilize writing and reseach skills to create a scenario for migration, including push and pull factors
- Organize and verbally present researched information to the class
Curriculum Module Skill Objectives
- Research specific Case Studies Analysis of Information
- Internet and Media research Writing Assessment
- Creation of Visuals
- Cooperative Learning
- Oral Presentations
- Written Reports
Days 1 and 2: Discuss temrs and impact of globalization on nations
Days 3 and 4: Two days to research specific nations and OAS
Day 5: Organize researched materials; produce visuals; prepare presentation
Days 6, 7 and 8: Organization of American States Conference
Method Of Instruction
This module is focused on the students and their active engagement in their own learning. Thus, a simulation is an ideal academic vehicle for understanding
The areas of instruction include:
Research component; Short Case Studies; Oral Presentations; Simulation
Students will research specific nations in the Western Hemisphere to identify reasons for migration to a specific target nation:
Mexico - A group will identify current problems in Mexico City related
to population growth - including political and environmental
- and its ability to provide services to the ever expanding population.
Some students will investigate the history and the role of the Organization of American States in resolving regional
problems in the area.
Students will conduct basic research on economic and social indicators, environmental problems and the political structure of the
government of specific nations.
Students, in pairs or trios depending on size of the class, will research one nation: Haiti, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Honduras, Colombia, & El Salvador
Basic research will focus on the following areas:
- Economic and Social Indicators:
- PerCapita GDP
- Literacy rate
- Status of women and indigenous people
- Size of social-ecomonic classes
- Life expectancy
- Total population
- Labor profile
- Population density
- Urban population %
- Land-wealth distribution
- Political Structure:
- Type of government
- Current leader and how they came to power
- Level of human rights abuses
- Extent of political prisoners
- Level of basic Individual freedoms
- Internal threats to security
- Environmental Problems
- Evidence of erosion
- Evidence of Desertification
- Evidence of Deforestation
- Amount of clean water
- Amount of air & water pollution
- Amount of industrial pollution
- Research Areas for Country of Mexico
- Current population and projected population
- Problems inherent in its geographical location; environmental problems; potential for disasters
- Extent of crime and political corruption
- Research for OAS
- History and structure
- Examples of success and failure in solving regional concerns
- 3-4 regional problems of the past and the present
The Simulation: "The OAS Presents The Western Hemisphere Regional Conference"
- Conference Opening
- The OAS representatives deliver a prepared opening statement
that explains the history and structure of the OAS and uses a chart showing past successes and failures of the OAS in
resolving regional problems. Finally the statement addresses the reasons for the conference:
- To hear all nations present their information
- To understand the problems that migration to Mexico City presents for Mexico City officials
- To reach a solution that benefits Mexico City and all nations of Middle and South America that addresses the national
internal problems that lead to migration to places such as Mexico City
- Each nation, using a chart or appropriate visual, summarizes the nation's push and pull factors leading to migration
- Planning Time
- Based on the opening statements from the nations and the OAS, each nation creates a three part plan to solve the immigration
crisis for Mexico City. Some possibilities may include limit immigration, aid to Mexico City, etc.
- The OAS creates general criteria that a successful plan might include various compromises among the countries involved.
- Plan Presentation
- Each nation presents its three part plan and answers questions
- OAS participates in a scored discussion in which it discusses each nation's plan, according to its criteria. Nations may
ask OAS questions or respond to OAS questions
- OAS announces its selection of one plan and explains its reasons for the selection
- General discussion follows on how the accepted plan will affect each nation and the region.